6 Mistakes to Watch Out for When Leasing a Van

Van leasing enables motorists to drive a shiny new vehicle without having to worry about shedding off a huge sum or worrying about the depreciation cost. However, there are some pitfalls to avoid, especially when customers forget to go through the small prints before signing the agreement. Listed below are a few of them;

1. Paying Too Much of Upfront

Vehicle leasing deals that come with less monthly rentals may seem to be incredibly tempting, but then when you sum up the price it can turn out to be huge. However, if you are considering paying out a large amount initially, you should ask yourself what you would do if the van is stolen. Will the insurance company reimburse the vehicle leasing company with the van’s value? Mostly, individuals who are caught in such a trap find themselves in loss.

2. Insurance is Important

Accidents do not come by knocking at the door. If that ever happens to your leased van, you may run out of money, in case you don’t have the right insurance. Having insurance will reimburse the van’s present value that could be huge. So, ensure that you have proper gap insurance.

3. Mind the Mileage Limits

Low monthly payment deals could conceal low mileage limits. You should see to that matter before leasing the van. Consider your average driving habits, so that you can ask for higher mileage allowance when or if required. Although this may put up your monthly premium, it will help you keep the cost balanced in the long term.

4. Damages

Driving involves small wear and tear. But then there are some companies who will slip hairs over the smallest of the damage to the van. In order to avoid getting in this type of trap make sure that you are fully aware of your lease-end condition guidelines. Just don’t assume that a little scratch can be ignored by the company.

5. Better to Avoid Leasing for Too Long

Van warranties generally last for three years. This is why leasing van longer than this can cause some unwelcome costs. Besides, these commercial vehicles are updated quite often. If you sign the contract for fewer years, you can get to lease all those updated models. Thus, you can drive a new van each year without even having to pay much.

6. Not Maintaining the Leased Van

If you are thinking that you can get away easily from your leased van without maintaining it properly, then you should consider thinking on this again. It is suggested to keep your van well maintained in order to prevent yourself from big charges.

Above all, the most important thing is that you should not end up being with a wrong leasing company. So, research well before choosing the one.

Future Education In The Age Of The Implanted Brain Information and Communication Chip

Not long ago, I was discussing with a future Think Tank member his concerns about how education in North America and around the world is not keeping up with technology, or ready for the future of computer-brain interfaces. This may sound like an esoteric topic, however when you consider the speed of these technologies, I am sure we’ve already all thought about how in the future, your smart phone will be nothing more than a brain-chip with full Internet Access that works with your organic brain in real-time. Want to send a thought, just think it, think about whom you’d like to send this thought to, and it’s sent, post on social media and you are done.

Want to learn a new topic, no need, you have instant access to all human information, and it will feel as if it is all in your own memory, just think a question and viola, you have the answer. My think tank acquaintance noted that we are a ways off from that future, and if the past is any indication of how we might handle that future, then we are in big trouble. Education is broken already, and it will not be able to adapt to something that different. He noted we need to fix all the rote memorization teaching, it isn’t working. And, I would submit to you that it will be even worse in the future, in fact; why memorize anything if you have full-time unlimited access to all the information ever created and stored in the cloud of humanity?

So what he is saying is that we have to teach people to THINK, not just put the students in rows, open their skulls and pour information in to them, which is what pedagogy has been for most of the 20th century and now to for a lot of this century. I of course agree. If we integrate the brain-chip or implanted information, or access to all human information in real time to the brain, it will only work if the human user has enough foresight to ask the right questions, and cross-pollinate the information in an innovative and creative way. This is something that humans are good at, when they practice it, and as of yet, AI computers are not so good at. Together (AI + human brains) it will be smarter than either on its own, smarter than today’s human and smarter than a future AI computer chip w/instant access to all human information to date and up on all new information in real-time.

The increase in IQ wouldn’t matter. Everyone would be super smart and retain unlimited information in the cloud storage device or set of distributive cloud computers around the planet. The best and most creative minds would use this information in the most novel ways, ask the best questions and have most of those questions answered to pose new ones. The speed of innovation would be so intensive that Ray Kurzweil’s “Singularity” theory would be realized in short order.

Thinks You Must Know Before Outsourcing Accounting and Bookkeeping Services

Outsourcing accounting and bookkeeping services from an accounting firm is an advanced step you should take for the success of your business. Accounting firms provide services that are scalable, flexible, affordable and accurate. A strong and reliable accounting function in the business allows business owners to enjoy the peace of mind, and better run the business. However, before you outsource accounting and bookkeeping services, it is important to run a background check of the company to check the compatibility of the business relationship. Here are a few things you must check:

1 – Customer reviews:

The right way to check how the accounting company treats its associates is knowing more about their previous client’s and their experiences. You can anytime go online and check client’s review door their services.

2 – Check on the experience:

You can profiteer the best services only when you hire an accounting and bookkeeping firm that is highly experienced and knowledgeable. The company you are willing to hire must have experience in dealing with businesses like yours. You should also ask about their work style, type of clients they entertain the most and how are they planning to proceed with your business.

3 – IRS Navigation abilities:

Every business wishes to hire a company that helps it in navigating their interactions with the IRS. A company that offers Accounting and Bookkeeping Services along with IRS solutions is the best to hire, you can get all the solutions under one roof.

4 – How accessible they are:

You can need the company at the oddest time and the best one will be right by your side. A company that values its customers and believe in quality services will make it possible for you to access them anytime. This won’t be possible when you hire a company that is way too large and established. But a medium sized firm that is dedicated to make a mark in the industry would go an extra mile to give you the best you deserve.

As a business owner, it is your responsibility to hire the best resource for your business. By outsourcing the best accounting and bookkeeping services, you can enjoy a consistent flow of services, no-frauds in accounting and complete peace of mind. Be attentive, take your time and choose that one company that suffices all the needs of your organization and keep your accounting and bookkeeping department well-recorded and up-to-date.

8 Easy Ways to Be a Better Girlfriend

Being the best girlfriend doesn’t have to be difficult. Simply being trusting, open and focused can go a long way to help you stand out. Let’s take a look at a few things that can help to maintain the happy relationship:

Be trusting

Trust in very important in any relationship. Men aren’t likely to like or appreciate the overly suspicious girlfriend. If you aren’t able to fully trust your partner, you may not be in a relationship with the right person. Try to avoid the type of situations that lead you to searching his phone or questioning his whereabouts. You should instead have faith in your relationship. By showing that you trust your partner there is a much better chance that he will meet your expectations.

Maintain your focus

Don’t get in a position of letting your relationship be the sole focus point in your life. Beyond your relationship, you should also have your own interests and life. Whatever it was that you did before the relationship started is likely to be what made you interesting to your partner in the first place.

Be open and honest

If there is something going on in your life that is concerning you and your partner asks what the problem is, you should simply tell him. Try to let him know what you need and what you think. It will typically benefit to avoid a situation that leaves him making guesses to try to find you what the problem is.

Be attentive

There is a very noticeable difference when it comes to being clingy and being attentive when out and about. It is best to avoid being overly clingy because this will give the impression that you are very needy. If you are in a happy relationship there shouldn’t be any need to prove to others that you are together. Additionally, it is important to avoid flirting with your partner’s friends.

Don’t hassle or argue

Make sure to avoid getting in a situation where you regularly hassle or argue with each other. In most situations the other person will simply tune out when they start to get nagged.

Respect each others space

Most men don’t want to be a constant companion or always be open to discussing their feelings. If you try to discuss his problems when he isn’t ready or want him to be with you all the time, there is a risk that you may simply push him away. It can benefit to simply be patient and leave him the time to start a conversation that relates to private issues. Take things slowly to give the relationship the time it needs to develop naturally.

Don’t attempt to change him

It isn’t likely to help a relationship if you want to change your partner. It is more practical to accept him as he is. If you aren’t happy with things like his occupation, what he says, or the way he dresses, then he isn’t likely to be the right one for you. When you partner accepts you without wanting to make changes, you should be willing to be just as accepting.

Get involved

Be more involved in what interests your partner. Whether it is craft beers, music, sports or politics, you should try to engage with him and at least listen when he talks about his day and what he has been up to.

The Birth Of A Pulsar

Like the legendary Phoenix Bird rising from the ashes of its own funeral pyre to soar again through the sky, a pulsar rises from the wreckage of its massive progenitor star–that has recently perished in the fiery blast of a supernova. A pulsar is a newborn neutron star; a dense, rapidly rotating city-sized relic of an erstwhile massive star that has collapsed under the stupendous weight of its own crushing gravity–to the fatal point that its constituent protons and electrons have merged together to form neutrons. Indeed, the fiery explosions of doomed stars as supernovae are sometimes so bright that they out-dazzle–for one brief shining moment–their entire home galaxy. In September 2018, a team of astronomers announced that they are the first to have witnessed the birth of a pulsar emerging from the funeral pyre of its dead parent-star. This came at the very same time that the Selection Committee of the Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics recognized the British astrophysicist Dr. Jocelyn Bell Burnell for her discovery of pulsars–a detection first announced in February 1968.

This Special Breakthrough Prize was given to Dr. Bell Burnell “for fundamental contributions to the discovery of pulsars, and a lifetime of inspiring leadership in the scientific community.” Her discovery of pulsars half a century ago proved to be one of the biggest surprises in the history of astronomy. This discovery elevated neutron stars right out of the realm of science fiction to reach the status of scientific reality in a very dramatic way. Among a large number of later important ramifications, it resulted in several strong tests of Albert Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity (1915), and also led to a new understanding of the origin of heavy elements in the Universe. Called metals by astronomers, heavy atomic elements are all those that are heavier than helium.

The supernovae that give birth to pulsars can take months or even years to fade away. Sometimes, the gaseous leftovers of the fierce stellar explosion itself crash into hydrogen-rich gas and–for a short time–regain their former brilliance. However, the question that needs to be answered is this: could they remain luminous without this sort of interference, resulting in their bright encore performance?

In an effort to answer this nagging question, Dr. Dan Milisavljevic, an assistant professor of physics and astronomy at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, announced that he had witnessed such an event six years after a supernova–dubbed SN 2012au–had blasted its progenitor star to smithereens.

“We haven’t seen an explosion of this type, at such a late timescale, remain visible unless it had some kind of interaction with hydrogen gas left behind by the star prior to explosion. But there’s no spectral spike of hydrogen in the data–something else was energizing this thing,” Dr. Milisavljevic explained in a September 12, 2018 Purdue University Press Release.

If a newborn pulsar sports a magnetic field and rotates rapidly enough, it is able to speed-up nearby charged particles and evolve into what astronomers term a pulsar wind nebula. This is probably what happened to SN 2012au, according to the new study published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters.

“We know that supernova explosions produce these types of rapidly rotating neutron stars, but we never saw direct evidence of it at this unique time frame. This is a key moment when the pulsar wind nebula is bright enough to act like a lighbulb illuminating the explosions outer ejecta,” Dr. Milisavlievic continued to explain in the Purdue University Press Release.

Lighthouses In The Sky

Pulsars shoot out a regular beam of electromagnetic radiation, and weigh-in at approximately double our Sun’s mass, as they spin wildly about 7 times each second! The beams emanating from brilliant pulsars are so extremely regular that they are frequently likened to lighthouse beams on Earth, and this beam of radiation is detectable when it sweeps our way. The radiation streaming out from a pulsar can only be seen when the light is targeted in the direction of our planet–and it is also responsible for the pulsed appearance of the emission. Neutron stars are extremely dense, and they have brief, regular rotational periods. This creates a very precise interval between the pulses that range approximately from milliseconds to seconds for any individual pulsar. Astronomers discover most pulsars through their radio emissions.

Neutron stars can wander around space either as solitary “oddballs” or as members of a binary system in close contact with another still “living” main-sequence (hydrogen-burning) star–or even in the company of another stellar-corpse just like itself. Neutron stars have also been observed nesting within brilliant, beautiful, and multicolored supernova remnants. Some neutron stars can even be orbited by a system of doomed planets that are utterly and completely inhospitable spheres that suffer a constant shower of deadly radiation screaming out from their murderous stellar parent. Indeed, the first bundle of exoplanets, discovered in 1992, were the tragic planetary offspring of a deadly parent-pulsar. Pulsars switch off and on brilliantly, hurling their regular beams of light through the space between stars. Certain pulsars even rival atomic clocks in their accuracy at keeping time.

The first observation of a pulsar was made on November 28, 1967, by Dr. Bell Burnell and Dr. Antony Hewish. The newly-spotted pulses were separated by 1.35 second intervals that originated from precisely the same location in space, and kept to sidereal time. Sidereal time is determined from the movement of Earth (or a planet) relative to the distant stars (rather than in respect to our Sun).

In their efforts to explain these exotic pulses, Dr. Bell Burnell and Dr. Hewish came to the realization that the extremely brief period of the pulses ruled out most known astrophysical sources of radiation, such as stars. Indeed, because the pulses followed sidereal time, they could not be explained by radio frequency interference originating from intelligent aliens living elsewhere in the Cosmos. When more observations were conducted, using a different telescope, they confirmed the existence of this truly odd and mysterious emission, and also ruled out any sort of instrumental effects. The two astronomers nicknamed their discovery LGM-1, for “little green men”. It was not until a second similarly pulsating source was discovered in a different region of the sky that the playful “LGM” theory was completely ruled out. The word “pulsar” itself is a contraction of “pulsating star”, that first appeared in print in 1968.

All stars are immense spheres composed of fiery, roiling searing-hot gas. These enormous glaring stellar objects are mostly composed of hydrogen gas that has been pulled into a sphere very tightly as the result of the relentless squeeze of the star’s own gravity. This is the reason why a star’s core becomes so hot and dense. Stars are so extremely hot because their raging stellar fires have been lit as a result of nuclear fusion, which causes the atoms of lighter elements (such as hydrogen and helium) to fuse together to form increasingly heavier and heavier atomic elements. The production of heavier atomic elements from lighter ones, occurring deep within the searing-hot heart of a star, is termed stellar nucleosynthesis. The process of stellar nucleosynthesis begins with the fusion of hydrogen, which is both the lightest and most abundant atomic element in the Cosmos. The process ends with iron and nickel, that are fused only by the most massive stars. This is because smaller stars like our Sun are not hot enough to manufacture atomic elements heavier than carbon. The heaviest atomic elements–such as uranium and gold–are created in the supernovae explosions that end the “lives” of massive stars. Smaller stars go gentle into that good night and puff off their beautiful multicolored outer gaseous layers into the space between stars. These lovely objects, called planetary nebulae, are so beautiful that astronomers call them the “butterflies of the Universe”. Literally all of the atomic elements heavier than helium–the metals–were made in the hot hearts of the Universe’s myriad stars.

The process of nuclear fusion churns out a monumental amount of energy. This is the reason why stars shine. This energy is also responsible for creating a star’s radiation pressure. This pressure creates a necessary and delicate balance that battles against the relentless squeeze of a star’s gravity. Gravity tries to pull all of a stars material in, while pressure tries to push everything out. This eternal battle keeps a star bouncy against its inevitable collapse that will come when it runs out of its necessary supply of nuclear-fusing fuel. At that tragic point, gravity wins the battle and the star collapses. The progenitor star has reached the end of that long stellar road, and if it is sufficiently massive, it goes supernova. This powerful, relentless, merciless gravitational pulling speeds up the nuclear fusion reactions in the doomed star. Where once a star existed, a star exists no more.

Before they meet their inevitable demise, massive stars succeed in fusing a core of iron in their searing-hot hearts. Iron cannot be used for fuel, and at this point the progenitor star-that-was makes its sparkling farewell performance to the Cosmos–sometimes leaving behind a wildly spinning pulsar.

SN 2012au

Before the new study, astronomers already knew that SN 2012au was an unusual beast inhabiting the celestial zoo. The weird relic was extraordinary and odd in a number of ways. Even though the supernova blast wasn’t brilliant enough to be termed a “superluminous supernova”, it was bright enough to be quite energetic and last for a long time. It finally dimmed in a similarly slow light curve.

Dr. Milisavljevic predicts that if astronomers continue to observe the sites of extremely bright supernovae, they might see similar sea-changes.

“If there truly is a pulsar or magnetar wind nebula at the center of the exploded star, it could push from the inside out and even accelerate the gas. If we return to some of these events a few years later and take careful measurements, we might observe the oxygen-rich gas racing away from the explosion even faster,” Dr. Milisavljevic commented in the September 12, 2018 Purdue University Press Release.

Superluminous supernovae are transient celestial objects of great interest in the astronomical community. This is because they are potential sources of gravitational waves and black holes, and many astronomers also theorize that they might be related to other forms of celestial blasts, such as gamma-ray bursts and fast radio bursts. Astronomers are trying to understand the fundamental physics that is the basis for them, but they are hard to observe. This is because they are relatively rare and are situated very far from Earth.

The next generation of telescopes, which astronomers call Extremely Large Telescopes, will have the technological ability to observe these mysterious events in greater detail.

This new study aligns with one of Purdue University’s Giant Leaps, space, which is a part of Purdue’s Sesquicentennial 150 Years of Giant Leaps.

Dr. Milisavljevic continued to note that “This is a fundamental process in the Universe. We wouldn’t be here unless this was happening. Many of the elements essential to life come from supernova explosions–calcium in our bones, oxygen we breathe, iron in our blood–I think it’s crucial for us, as citizens of the Universe to understand this process.”

Judith E. Braffman-Miller is a writer and astronomer whose articles have been published since 1981 in various magazines, journals, and newspapers. Although she has written on a variety of topics, she particularly loves writing about astronomy because it gives her the opportunity to communicate to others some of the many wonders of her field. Her first book, “Wisps, Ashes, and Smoke,” will be published soon.